Europe day 10-Ephesus, Turkey
Best thing about cruising, sleep late, eat a large breakfast before going on the tour. The cruise ship docked at Kusadasi. There is no easy public transportation to get to Ephesus. So I joined a guided tour. First stop is the legendary house of Virgin Mary Mother of Jesus.
The House of Virgin Mary
Odeion - After passing through some scattered ruins, we reached a small theater Odeion.
Temple of Domitian - One prominent feature was a double columns topped with two statues.
Prytaneion - Beautiful carving of the Winged Nike Goddess of Victory.
Curetes Street - A main road lined with columns.
Trajan Fountain - Sculpted columns was reconstructed to show what it might have looked like but much smaller with shorter column sections.
The floor was tiled in very intricate mosaic patterns as colorful as a carpet. The patterns were quite varied. It almost seemed like the artists were trying to showcase a variety of patterns.
Temple of Hadrian - four columns with Corinthian capitals supports a triangular pediment. Above the two columns in the middle, there is an arch which curves down from the pediment, and the bust of Tyche, the goddess of the city, which adorns the center of the arch. On the second semi-circular frontal over the door, the figure of a maiden resembling Medusa is depicted among flowers and acanthus leaves.
Latriana - public toilets of Ephesus.
Ephesus Library of Celsus- the façade is two stories high decorated elaborate carvings. The columns are arranged in pairs and between them there are three doors with richly decorated frames. There were four statues in the alcoves. The back of the facade was reenforced with reconstructed stones. There were inscriptions on two large plaques about the site.
Ephesus Theatre - The theatre was consisted of three main sections, the stage building, the orchestra and the auditorium. This was supposed to be where St. Paul or St. John had preached. This theater was rather big and was built along a hillside. The lower tiers were reconstructed. We walked down to the center, around the benches and looked through some passageways. But the upper tiers were fenced off. It could be seen that the loose stones in the fenced off area were rather crumbled up. The center area was flat and was already repaved with new stone flags. Many columns remained at the stage building section.
Harbour Street - There was another column lined path out the other side of the amphitheater. Off the side of the path there were some sarcophagus laid out in a roped off area. This looked like a burial ground.
Basilica of St. John
After a bus ride back we stopped at the port Kusadasi and walked back to the cruise ship.
Read more about Ephesus here. http://www.kusadasi.biz/
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